Карл Адреас Кофод. Датский Соратник Столыпина

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Karl Andreas Kofod. Danish Companion of Stolypin

The father of Karl Andreas Kofod (1855–1948) was a large Danish landowner, and therefore from childhood he studied agriculture in practice. After school and the agricultural academy, Kofod decided to move to Russia, where he soon got a job as a manager of a large estate.
Gradually, Kofod began to study the so-called agrarian question, which at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries was understood as a number of problems. Among them was the landlessness of some of the peasants, caused by the rapid growth of the rural population, the reluctance of the peasants to recognize the landowners’ right to land, as well as stripedness — the arrangement of plots of one owner interspersed with others. In the 1890s, Kofod took Russian citizenship and married.
Kofod’s work attracted the attention of the Zemsky Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In 1905, on a ministerial assignment, he went on a long European business trip to study the practice of allotment of land. After that, Kofod took a direct part in the preparation of the Stolypin agrarian reform, the main goal of which was to transfer land rights to the peasants. After the 1917 revolution, Kofod, having returned to Danish citizenship, worked in the USSR as an attaché of the Danish embassy. It is known that he was extremely negative about the dispossession of kulaks — and this is partly why the Soviet authorities insisted that he leave the USSR. In 1931, Kofod left the country and never returned.